Allied health professionals
The health of the community depends on a large number of people other than medical practitioners and nurses.
These can be grouped under the heading of allied health professionals.They include the following:
help people to move by getting them ti di exercises or by treating their body with heart or massage – treatment by manipulating muscles and joints with the hands.(see Unit 42)
help people with a disability to perform tasks at home and at work. A disability is a physical or mental condition that makes. A disaility is a phisical or mental conndition that makes it difficult to live normally, for example blindness or deafness.
help people to solve their social problems – for example poor housing or unemployment – or family problems.
Chiropodists, also know as podiatrists. treat conditions affecting the feet.
There are numerous technicians – people who work with scientific equipment – such as radiographers, who are known as X-ray technicians. Ambulance technicians work in the emergency medicine service. An ambulance technician with more advanced qualifications is called a paramedic.
Prosthetists and orthotists
Prosthetists and orthotists provid care for anyone who needs an artificial limb, (a prosthesis), or a devise to support or control part of the body (an orthosis).They also advise on rehanbilitation – helping patients return to normal life and work after treatment.
Pristhetists provide artificial replacements for patients who have had an amputation or were born without a limb.
orthotists provide artificial replacements for patients who have had an amputation or orthotists provide a range of splints and other devices ti aid movement, correct deformity form an abnormal development of part of the body, for example club foot (talipes), and relieve pain.
Opticians test eyesight and prescribe glasses – also know as spectacles – and contact kenses, when neccessary. the examination includes measuring intraocular pressure – the pressure of fluid inside the eye – and examining the retina. If the optician suspects an eye disease, such as glaucoma, they refer the patient to theur GP for treatment. The GP may then refer the patient to an ophthanlmologist, a doctor who specializes in diseases of the eye.